Spanish guitar builder José Ramirez
José Ramírez de Galarreta y Planell (Madrid, January 27, 1858 – Madrid, 1923), also known as José Ramírez I, was a luthier manufacturer of Spanish guitar and pioneer of the Guitar School of Madrid.
As the founder of the Ramírez guitar house in 1882, he is considered the head of the Ramírez artisan saga (his brother Manuel, his son José Ramírez II and his grandson José Ramírez III), and that of other luthiers trained in his workshop
José Ramírez de Galarreta y Planet, Son of Domingo Ramírez Galarreta and Martínez de Abad (a native of Salvatierra de Álava), builder and master carpenter, José was born in Madrid on January 27, 1858 at 6 a.m.
At the age of 12, he entered the workshop of his teacher, Francisco González, as an apprentice in the Carrera de San Jerónimo in Madrid, in 1870
In 1882, José Ramírez I became independent, renting a premises at number 24 in Cava Baja, 3
The Ramírez brothers worked together between 1882 and 1887, until at the beginning of that year José left the family workshop settling in the old plaza of Rastro nº 4, from where he moved a year later to Calle de la Concepción Jerónima nº 2 .
Manuel continued in the Cava Baja until 1905.
Currently, the store is located on Calle de la Paz nº 8, very close to the old premises.
Although Francisco González, who is known, only had José Ramírez as the only disciple, this, however, was the teacher of his younger brother, Manuel Ramírez, as well as his son, José Ramírez II, by Enrique García, who more Later he settled on his own in Barcelona (where he left a disciple: Francisco Simplicio), and Julián Gómez Ramírez.
He also taught the trade to Antonio Viudez and Rafael Casana, as well as Alfonso Benito and Antonio Gómez.
Thus, the so-called Madrid School of Guitar Builders began in the workshop of José Ramírez I, who at that time was the most outstanding guitar master of his time.
In fact, it was used by the flamenco guitarists of the time to find solutions to the poor sound projection of the guitars that were then built.
And that was how José created the so-called «tablao guitar», whose internal structure was maintained in accordance with what was established by Torres, but whose size was even larger than the classical guitars that he built in his day.
This tablao guitar brought him even more success than he already enjoyed.
The followers of this guitar dynasty, her nephews – both sons of José Ramírez IV – Cristina and José Enrique, have been working with Amalia since 2006. José Enrique is combining his apprenticeship as a guitar maker with his law studies.
Cristina, graphic designer, journalist and sound technician, is learning to develop commercial work as well as guitar construction techniques.